Close(d) Communion is the historical and biblical practice of the Christian Church. The practice has the purposes of ensuring that, as far as humanly possible, those receiving the Sacrament do so to their benefit and not their harm (1 Corinthians 11:27-30), and that the oneness that is expressed in receiving the Sacrament is genuine and not contrived (1 Corinthians 10:17).
Holy Communion is not only a Means of Grace, assuring us of the forgiveness of our sins and of our fellowship with God, but is also a testimony to our fellowship with one another.
All are invited who know how to examine themselves; recognize the Real Presence of Christ’s Body and Blood together with the bread and wine; and are close to us, that is, one with us in doctrine, teaching, and belief.
What is Communion? “Our Lord Jesus Christ… gave it to His disciples, saying, ‘Take, eat; this is My body.’ ” (Matthew 26:26) So it is the Lord’s Supper, not ours. He gave His body and blood in, with, and under the bread and wine to His disciples – to His believers.
God’s Word Says: “A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup” (1 Corinthians 11:28). For this reason, believers must know God’s Law and use it as a mirror in order to recognize their sinful condition before God.
God’s Word Says: “For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord…” (1 Corinthians 11:29). For this reason, believers must know the Gospel and believe that the body and blood of Christ are truly present in the sacrament.
God’s Word Says: “Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all partake of that one bread” (1 Corinthians 10:17). This verse shows that in Holy Communion we are expressing our unity in faith. We want this unity to be real and genuine, not just a superficial agreement. We work to achieve this unity by studying the Bible together so that the Holy Spirit may direct our hearts and bind us together.